But he was an extremely important and respected mathematician in his own right.
When the West was sufficiently mature to feel the need of deeper knowledge, it turned its attention, first of all, not to the Greek sources, but to the Arabic ones. Before we proceed, it is worth trying to define the period that this essay will cover and give an overall description to the Arab mathematicians who contributed.
The period we will be covered is easy to describe: Most of the Arab mathematicians were Muslims, but some of them were Jews, Christians, and some of other faiths.
At its greatest extent it stretched to the west through Turkey and North Africa to include most of Spain, and to the east as far as the borders of China.
The background to the mathematical developments, which began in Baghdad aroundis not well understood. Certainly there was an important influence, which came from the Hindu mathematicians whose earlier development of the decimal system and numerals was important.
In the 12th century, Europe learned about the scientific progress of the Arabs and took much of the achievement, transformed them to the modern mathematics. A special college for translators was founded in Toledo, Spain, and it was there, and in other centers, that some of the great Christian scholars translated most of the Arabic works on mathematics and astronomy.
In most European universitie5 Arab treatises formed the basis of mathematical studies. Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khawarazmi started the history of Arab Mathematics in the 9th century.
He went to the East India to take the courses of sciences of that time. Muhammad introduced the Hindu numerals; thanks to him we know and understand the concept of Zero.
This number system was later transmitted to the West. Whereas in the decimal system, the number can be written in four figures, eleven figures were needed using the Roman system: It is obvious that even for the solution of the simplest arithmetical problem, Roman numerals called for an enormous expenditure of time and labor.
The Arab numerals, on the other hand, rendered even complicated mathematical tasks relatively simple. The scientific advances of the West would have been impossible had scientists continued to depend upon the Roman numerals and been deprived of the simplicity and flexibility of the decimal system and its main glory, the zero.
Though the Arab numerals were originally a Hindu invention, it was the Arabs who turned them into a workable system; the earliest Arab zero on record dates from the yearwhereas the earliest Hindu zero is dated For the subsequent four hundred years, Europe laughed at a method that depended upon the use of zero, "a meaningless nothing.
In actual fact, they gave us infinitely more. While religion is often thought to be an impediment to scientific progress, we can see, in a study of Arab mathematics, how religious beliefs actually inspired scientific discovery. Because of the Quran's very concrete prescriptions regarding the division of an estate among children of a deceased person, it was incumbent upon the Arabs to find the means for very precise delineation of lands.
For example, let us say that the father left an irregularly shaped piece of land-seventeen acres large-to his six sons.
It was the search for a more accurate, more comprehensive, and more flexible method that led Khawarazmi to the invention of algebra. According to Professor Sarton, Khawarazmi "influenced mathematical thought to a greater extent than any other medieval writer.
Apart from Arab mathematics, Khawarazmi also did pioneer the work in the fields of astronomy, geography and theory of music. Omar Khvyym, who lived in twelfth century, was the other man whose achievement helped the Arab civilization and mathematics make a huge leap forward, two centuries after Khawarazmi.
Known in the West, as the author of Rubayat, a poem made famous by Edward Fitzgerald's translation, he was admired in the East mainly as a mathematician.
In his use of analytical geometry, he anticipated the geometry of Descartes. Commissioned by the Seijuk Sultan Halikshah to reform the Persian calendar, he prepared a calendar said to be more accurate than the Gregorian one in use to the present day.Helping children shift from the fixed mindset—one that says some people were born to be great mathematicians while others are doomed to struggle—is critical .
He published his works in a book called ‘An Essay on the Application of the Mathematical Analysis to the Theories of Electricity and Magnetism’ and yes, it included Green’s Theorem.
It hardly sold copies, and most of them were gone to his friends and family. These mathematicians include such people as Archimedes, Einstein, Newton, and Ada Lovelace. Who knows, maybe you will be the next great mathematician! To unlock this lesson you must be a . National Mathematics Day Essays on Ramanujan and other Mathematicians Telugu Download Srinivasa Ramanujan Birth Day is being celebrated as Indian National Mathematics Day | Essay writing competition Elecutions Quiz Programmes on the occassion of National Mathematics Day of India are being conducted in every school.
Essay on Srinivas Ramanujam. based on biographies (and biographies about Ramanujan are a-plenty) I will be analyzing letters he wrote. thank the great mathematicians for this essential tool.
Mathematics has been used in various professions and academic fields. Euclid Criticism - Essay. Homework Help As in the case of the other great mathematicians of Greece, so in Euclid's case, we have only the most meagre particulars of the life and personality of.