Page 23 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Reducing the Impacts of Natural Disasters.
Unfortunately, comprehensive hazard andrisk assessments are not universally available. The Committee recommends that state and local jurisdictions review, update, and improve their hazard and risk assessments with the assistance of the federal government Mitigating disasters in developing countries essay use this information in their decision-making processes.
The Committee identified four means for improving the quality and availability of hazard and risk assessments: Widespread public awareness and education is fundamental to reducing loss of life, personal injuries, and property damage from natural disasters. Yet people in many sectors of society remain unaware of the natural hazards they face and the actions they can take to protect themselves and their property.
Special efforts should be made to reach sectors of the population that may not have access to traditional education and information media — small children, the elderly, people with disabilities, and those who do not speak English.
Because public officials and the news media have crucial responsibilities for disseminating information during a disaster, procedures for their cooperation need to be established in advance of an event. The Committee recommends that communitywide awareness and education programs about natural disasters be made a national priority.
These programs should address the needs of individuals and communities in all the activities and locations where they could be subject to natural disasters: Reducing the Impacts of Natural Disasters. The National Academies Press.
Mitigation, actions taken to prevent or reduce the risks from natural hazards, is at the heart of the Decade program. Measures such as the adoption and enforcement of land-use planning practices and building codes must be vigorously pursued if the trend of escalating losses from natural disasters is to be reversed.
Communities resist mitigation when they perceive it as incompatible with economic development.
All too often, however, when natural disasters strike, the costs to individuals and society far exceed the costs of mitigation measures. The Committee recommends that every community at significant risk adopt and enforce an appropriate mitigation program, including both near-term goals and a comprehensive long-range plan for reducing the impacts of natural disasters.
These programs should include: Preparedness for emergency response, recovery, and reconstruction can reduce immediate losses caused by natural disasters and minimize the long-term social, economic, and environmental damages they cause.
Emergency response can mean the difference between life and death. Well-defined strategies for recovery and reconstruction can reduce human suffering and financial losses by providing for rapid return to normal community functions.
The most effective preparedness plans emphasize intergovernmental coordination, use all available human and material resources, and are exercised regularly. All too often, however, response and recovery actions are improvised and uncoordinated.
The Committee recommends that by the end of the Decade, every business and local jurisdiction at significant risk have plans for emergency response, recovery, and reconstruction that have been tested and coordinated with state and federal governments as well as with other local governments.
The Committee has identified six means for improving preparedness: Prediction and warning advances have been a major factor in the decline of disaster-related deaths in the United States over the past half century, particularly those resulting from severe weather, wildfires, and floods.
Nevertheless, significant gaps still exist in the capability to predict certain hazards and to deliver warnings to those who are asleep, in the care or custody of others, away from communication sources, hearing-impaired, or non-English speakers.
Some technological challenges also remain, particularly that of ensuring communications in the event of power failure. The Committee recommends that the nation expand and intensify its programs to improve prediction of significant natural hazards and to ensure the effective and timely dissemination of warnings Page 4 Share Cite Suggested Citation:Mitigating Disasters in Developing Countries Essay - The focus of this essay however will be on developing countries and the alternatives available to mitigate natural and man-made disasters that are available to policymakers.
Essay on Mitigating Disasters in Developing Countries Words | 9 Pages The focus of this essay however will be on developing countries and the alternatives available to mitigate natural and man-made disasters that are available to policymakers.
Technological hazards increase rapidly with the unregulated industrialization of developing countries and the globalization of the chemical industry, suggesting that chemical emergencies may become a major source of disasters in the 21st century.
Over the last 25 years, the world has seen a rise in the frequency of natural disasters in rich and poor countries alike. Today, there are more people at risk from natural hazards than ever before, with those in developing countries particularly at risk.
Mitigating Disasters in Developing Countries - The focus of this essay however will be on developing countries and the alternatives available to mitigate natural and man-made disasters that are available to policymakers.
Developing countries are in general countries which have not achieved a significant degree of industrialization relative to. Essay on Mitigating Disasters in Developing Countries Words 9 Pages The focus of this essay however will be on developing countries and the alternatives available to mitigate natural and man-made disasters that are available to policymakers.