Topics include major events, persons, and issues spanning the period from the African heritage to contemporary times.
But metaphor is much more than a mere literary device employed by love-struck poets when they refer to their girlfriends as interstellar masses of incandescent gas. It is also intensely yet inconspicuously present in everything from ordinary conversation and commercial messaging to news reports and political speeches.
Metaphor is at work in all fields of human endeavor, including economics, business, science, and psychology. In I Is an Other, James Geary takes readers from Aristotle's investigation of metaphor right up to the latest neuroscientific insights into how metaphor works in the brain.
Along the way, he demonstrates how metaphor affects financial decision making, how metaphor lurks behind effective advertisements, how metaphor inspires learning and discovery, and how metaphor can be used as a tool to achieve emotional insight and psychological change.
Geary also explores how a life without metaphor, as experienced by some people with autism spectrum disorders, significantly changes the way a person interacts with the world.
As Geary demonstrates, metaphor has leaped off the page and landed with a mighty splash right in the middle of our stream of consciousness. Witty, persuasive, and original, I Is an Other showcases how a simple way with words, which in the past was considered a tool only for poets, is really a driving force in our society.
This book will open your eyes to the secret life of metaphor and its role in swinging elections, moving markets, and powerfully influencing daily life. In later life, Arthur Rimbaud was an anarchist, businessman, arms dealer, financier, and explorer.
But as a teenager, all he wanted to be was a poet. In Maythe sixteen-year-old Rimbaud wrote two letters, one to Georges Izambard, his former teacher, and one to Paul Demeny, a publisher he was keen to impress. Rimbaud waited around for Izambard every day, palely loitering outside the school gates, eager to show the young professor his most recent verse.
He also peppered Demeny with copies of his work, accompanied by notes in which he effused about his poems and dropped heavy hints that he would not be at all averse to seeing them in print. In these two missives, known together as the Seer Letters, Rimbaud outlined his vision for a new kind of poetry.
Fresh, vivid, sometimes shocking images resulted when sense impression jostled sense impression, when thought grappled with thought. Things are never just things in themselves; a visionary company of associations, correspondences, semblances always attends them.
Everything can be seen—and, for Rimbaud, everything should be seen as something else. Rimbaud summarized his poetic mission, and his working method, in the phrase: I is an other.
It is metaphor's defining maxim, its secret formula, and its principal equation. Metaphor systematically disorganizes the common sense of things—jumbling together the abstract with the concrete, the physical with the psychological, the like with the unlike—and reorganizes it into uncommon combinations.
Metaphor is most familiar as the literary device through which we describe one thing in terms of another, as when the author of the Old Testament Song of Songs describes a lover's navel as "a round goblet never lacking mixed wine" or when the medieval Muslim rhetorician Abdalqahir Al-Jurjani pines, "The gazelle has stolen its eyes from my beloved.
Metaphor is not just confined to art and literature but is at work in all fields of human endeavor, from economics and advertising, to politics and business, to science and psychology. Metaphor conditions our interpretations of the stock market and, through advertising, it surreptitiously infiltrates our purchasing decisions.
In the mouths of politicians, metaphor subtly nudges public opinion; in the minds of businesspeople, it spurs creativity and innovation. In science, metaphor is the preferred nomenclature for new theories and new discoveries; in psychology, it is the natural language of human relationships and emotions.
These are just some of the ways metaphor pervades our daily lives and daily minds. But there is no aspect of our experience not molded in some way by metaphor's almost imperceptible touch. Once you twig to metaphor's modus operandi, you'll find its fingerprints on absolutely everything.
Metaphorical thinking—our instinct not just for describing but for comprehending one thing in terms of another, for equating I with an other—shapes our view of the world, and is essential to how we communicate, learn, discover, and invent. Metaphor is a way of thought long before it is a way with words.
Our understanding of metaphor is in the midst of a metamorphosis. For centuries, metaphor has been seen as a kind of cognitive frill, a pleasant but essentially useless embellishment to "normal" thought.
Now, the frill is gone. New research in the social and cognitive sciences makes it increasingly plain that metaphorical thinking influences our attitudes, beliefs, and actions in surprising, hidden, and often oddball ways.
Metaphor has finally leapt off the page and landed with a mighty splash right in the middle of our stream of consciousness.
The waves rippling out from that impact are only just beginning to reach us. One of his patients was a woman who had no short-term memory whatsoever.
She had perfect recollection of the more distant past, including her child-hood, but the recent past was a total blank.How to learn languages for free? This collection features lessons in 48 languages, including Spanish, French, English, Mandarin, Italian, Russian and more.
Download audio lessons to your computer or mp3 player and you're good to go. Metaphor & Metonymy. I Is an Other: The Secret Life of Metaphor and How It Shapes the Way We See the World by James Geary (Harper).
From President Obama's political rhetoric to the housing bubble bust, James Geary proves in this fascinating and entertaining book that every aspect of our experience is molded by metaphor.
Welcome to Logos Dictionary: Welcome to Logos Dictionary. This freely-accessible multilingual dictionary, compiled without any form of public contribution, is growing constantly because it's updated and corrected on line by our network of professional translators.
(Click here for bottom) M m M. Latin, Marcus.A praenomen, typically abbreviated when writing the full tria nomina.. M'. Latin, Manius.A praenomen, typically abbreviated when writing the full tria nomina.. M, m, µ. The Spirit of the Age (full title The Spirit of the Age: Or, Contemporary Portraits) is a collection of character sketches by the early 19th century English essayist, literary critic, and social commentator William Hazlitt, portraying 25 men, mostly British, whom he believed to represent significant trends in the thought, literature, and politics of his time.
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