Public Domain On March 25,nine African Americans ranging in age from thirteen to twenty-one were arrested for allegedly raping two white women on board a train near Paint Rock, Alabama. An all-white jury quickly convicted the defendants on flimsy evidence and eight of the nine were sentenced to death.
All articles in this series A battle for the defendants ensued. But the next day, their parents, with whom the CP lawyers had spent considerable time, convinced their sons to reinstate the agreement.
The debate was over the appropriate strategy to be taken in a civil rights cases in the South. NAACP leaders argued that the goal of the campaign was to guarantee the youths a "fair trial," which would require hiring local attorneys and avoiding any public protest.
Supreme Court, in the face of mass protests, ordered the death sentences indefinitely suspended and announced it would hear the case in October.
In November, the Supreme Court overturned the convictions, only to order new trials in the Alabama courts.
As the new set of trials approached in late Marcha new rash of protests erupted, and important new evidence was uncovered. Ruby Bates, one of the two alleged victims in the Scottsboro case, wrote a letter to the Daily Worker declaring that the defendants had never touched her, and that the police had forced her to lie.
Still, Alabama "justice" won out in the end. In the fourth trial, the sentences were reduced to life imprisonment. In the fifth trial, four of the defendants were found innocent.
|The International Labor Defense | American Experience | Official Site | PBS||Cannon, an influential Communist Party member, led the drive to create the ILD, and was at its helm until he was expelled from the Communist Party in|
|BIBLIOGRAPHY||Public Domain The Scottsboro Boys were nine young black men, falsely accused of raping two white women on board a train near Scottsboro, Alabama in Convicted and facing execution, the case of Charlie Weems, Ozie Powell, Clarence Norris, Olen Montgomery, Willie Roberson, Haywood Patterson, Eugene Williams, and Andrew and Leroy Wright sparked international demonstrations and succeeded in both highlighting the racism of the American legal system and in overturning the conviction.|
|Why Poland Wants Germany to Pay Billions for World War II||Ruby Bates, in a letter to a Earl Streetman, denies that she was raped. March, Alabama Supreme Court, by a vote ofaffirms the convictions of seven of the boys.|
Finally, inthe charges against all the Scottsboro boys were dropped. The campaign around the Scottsboro boys kept the young men alive, even if it did not win them their freedom immediately. The lessons of the Scottsboro case also highlight that it was possible to defend Blacks from racism and repression, but that a fight was needed to do so.
And further, without the efforts of the left, the Scottsboro Boys would have been legally lynched, like hundreds of others.
The Scottsboro Boys case also showed the necessity to mobilize Black and white workers in the struggle against racism. While the Communist Party of the s had already degenerated from a revolutionary organization to a reformist one, its efforts underline the need to fight racism and build unity in action.
First published in the December issue of Socialist Worker.The Scottsboro case also pitted the NAACP against the Communist Party in a and International Labor Defense, And when the Scottsboro case emerged, the ILD saw an opportunity not just to.
Established by the Communist Party of the United States of America as its legal defense arm in to aid labor, political prisoners, and victims of reactionary violence. Using mass demonstrations and publicity, the International Labor Defense (ILD) conducted national and worldwide campaigns to gather support for its cases.
Watch video · At this point, the International Labor Defense (ILD), the legal wing of the American Communist Party, took on the boys’ case, seeing its potential to galvanize public opinion against racism. The International Labor Defense (I.L.D.), the legal arm of the Communist Party of the United States of America, was formed in to counter groups like the Ku Klux Klan and to defend high.
Jun 22, · The Scottsboro Boys case. June 22, IMMEDIATELY UPON news of the indictments, the CP sent lawyers from the International Labor Defense (ILD), its legal defense wing, to contact the.
The International Labor Defense (I.L.D.), the legal arm of the Communist Party of the United States of America, was formed in to counter groups like the Ku Klux Klan and to defend high profile, controversial cases like that of anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, who were ultimately executed for robbery and murder.