Reviewed by Brian Chalmers It is nearly impossible to dig into any chapter of Jewish history without uncovering lessons for our own age.
Swierenga -- Publications Robert P. Swierenga, Research Professor, A. Jurgen Hendriks, Don A. Smidt, and Hijme Stoffels, eds. Reformed Encounters with Modernity: Perspectives from Three Continents.
From a high ofmembers inseven lean years followed. Instead of reaching the stated goal of ", by ," the momentum swung in the opposite direction; the denominational Yearbook in tallied onlymembers.
The s secession is far greater than the Protestant Reformed defection inwhich included only 1, souls, or a mere 1. The independent churches coalesced into four denominations or federations reduced to three in The largest is the United Reformed Churches in North America URCNAformed in with 36 churches and 7, members, and reporting 73 congregations and 17, members at the end of Because most of these congregations since have affiliated with the United Reformed Churches, the Alliances disbanded inand its constituent body, the Lake Michigan Regional Fellowship LMRFhas become an shadow of its former self.
LMRF congregations maintain a formal tie with the URCNA, known as "ecclesiastical fellowship," which allows pulpit exchanges, mutual sharing in the Lord's Supper, and joint youth programs.
The last holdout is the oldest body, the Orthodox Reformed federation, which the United Reformed has "urged to merge" since Doctrinally and liturgically there is little difference between them, but the Orthodox Reformed, like the LMRF, fears an ecclesiastical superstructure that may again "lord it over them.
The United Reformed and Canadian Reformed federations have also entered into merger talks, with a suggested date for "full union" in Schilder raised doctrinal concerns but his broader purpose was to warn the GKN against modernist theology. The Canadian Reformed federation is today a 15,member denomination totaling 48 churches.
These merger discussions resemble a courtship dance that will likely result in a union of all the seceded churches with Dutch roots, resulting in one growing denomination of congregations and 50, members.
But the creation debate and differences over polity and personality conflicts could just as readily undermine these efforts. A church alliance built on a common enemy, rather than a common theology, is particularly vulnerable to splintering again.
At the other end of the spectrum, some 10 percent transferred to mainline denominations, affiliated with mega-churches, or dropped out altogether. They were frustrated or disillusioned by the stubborn resistance of a minority within the CRCNA to slow the pace of acculturation, as evidenced in battles over the ordination of women, theistic evolution, the New Hermeneutic, feminine names for God, ecumenism, homosexualism, "worship wars," church growth programs, and other issues.
For these progressives, a relational Christianity is more important than doctrinal principles. In any case, the slippage has been far greater on the "right" than on the "left," if one can so label the opposing "minds. Their Dutch Reformed roots seemingly had little meaning.Cosmologist and science communicator Sean M.
Carroll explains two competing types of explanations for the origins of the singularity which is the main disagreement between the scientists who study cosmogony and centers on the question of whether time existed "before" the emergence of our universe or not.
One cosmogonical view sees time as . This website is an attempt to identify "the pre-biblical origins" of concepts appearing in both the Old and New Testaments from a secular and anthropological point of view.
The Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History Human Origins website is dedicated to bringing you the excitement, latest findings, and profound implications of the scientific exploration of human origins.
Robert P. Swierenga, "Burn the Wooden Shoes*: Modernity and Division in the Christian Reformed Church in North America" Robert P.
Swierenga, Research Professor, A.C. Van Raalte Institute, Hope College, Holland, MI.
Paper for University of Stellenbosch Conference, South Africa, International Society for the Study of Reformed Communities, June American Architecture (cpresent): History of Building Design in United States: Colonial, Neoclassical, Gothic Revival, Skyscrapers, Modernism.
Modernist Architecture in America (c) A late feature of modern art in general, Modernist Architecture was the attempt to create new designs for the "modern man". It rejected all traditional styles based on older prototypes, and proposed a new type of functional design which used modern materials and construction techniques, to create a new aesthetic and sense of space.