The relevance of statistics and probability

Statistical averages are introduced and defined in this section.

The relevance of statistics and probability

Sport Statistics and probability Statistics is about gaining information from sets of data. Sometimes you want to represent a lot of complicated information from a large data set in a way that is easily understood. This is called descriptive statistics.

An example of this is the so-called worm plot used in cricket: You can see at a glance that, although there was variation in the run rate, England consistently scored at a higher rate than the West Indies, and so won the match.

The human mind is very visual, and this is why graphics, such as graphs or pie charts, are very good for conveying statistical information. The other branch of statistics is called inference statistics.

This used to obtain information about a large set of data from a smaller sample.

The relevance of statistics and probability

Think of opinion polls. Here, the statistician randomly selects a group of people, a thousand say, and asks them about their opinion, for example whether or not they like the current government. It is then assumed that the opinion of the sample reflects the opinions of people as a whole.


To be able to do statistics, you first have to learn how to collect, handle and represent data. Statistics and Probability theory Statistics is intimately linked to probability theory. You can use statistics to work out the probability, the chance, that a certain event will occur: Since this number is very small, you deduce that the chance of your plane crashing is small also.

But things also work the other way around: Say for example you want to test whether a die that is used in a casino is fair. To do this, you throw the die a great number of times and record the outcomes. You then reason like this: What you are doing is comparing the actual die with an ideal die: Probability theory is important when it comes to evaluating statistics.

But how do you know that your result did not just occur by chance? Well, you use probability theory to calculate the probability that your result occurred by chance — if this probability is very small, then you should conclude that the Prime Minister is popular.

Statistics, and the underlying theory of probability, are obviously useful for opinion pollsters and professional gamblers, but who else uses them? Here are a few examples:Statistics and Probability.

2 WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data World health statistics status indicators. health. services - statistics. monstermanfilm.comity. 5. Probability and Mathematical Statistics subject provides a grounding in the aspects of statistics and in particular statistical modelling that are of relevance to. Probability has a popular meaning that is not the same as the mathematical meaning. As a small-business owner, you may act on hunches, guesses and instincts. After such actions, you might even say.

Statistics and probability are sections of mathematics that deal with data collection and analysis. Probability is the study of chance and is a very fundamental subject that we apply in everyday living, while statistics is more concerned with how we handle data using different analysis techniques and collection methods.

The relevance of statistics and probability

In statistics, quality assurance, and survey methodology, sampling is the selection of a subset (a statistical sample) of individuals from within a statistical population to estimate characteristics of the whole population. Statisticians attempt for the samples to represent the population in question.

Two advantages of sampling are lower cost and faster data collection than measuring the. Probability and Mathematical Statistics subject provides a grounding in the aspects of statistics and in particular statistical modelling that are of relevance to. Statistics and Probability.

Tips for Teaching Probability

Because of the importance of statistics and probability in everyday life, virtually every set of standards and recommendations for the secondary school curriculum includes a strand in statistics and probability. IntroductionOver the last decade numerous accounting papers investigate the empirical relation between stock market values (or changes in values) and particular accounting numbers for the purpose of assessing or providing a basis of assessing those numbers’ use .

Importance of Probability: The concept of probability is of great importance in everyday life. Statistical analysis is based on this valuable concept.

In fact the role played by probability in modern science is that of a substitute for certainty. The following discussion explains it further: i.

How Is Probability Used in Everyday Life? |