The concept of privilege dates back to when American sociologist and historian W.
Essay on Privilege Essay on Privilege There is a historical and cultural tendency for dominant groups to institutionalize discrimination against subdominant groups. Discrimination is justified by arguing that members of the subdominant group are deficient in some way when compared to members of the dominant group.
The idealized characteristics of the dominant group are intertwined in social, cultural, and legal institutions and ultimately work to advantage, or privilege, members of the dominant group and disadvantage those of the subdominant group.
In the USA, gender roles and expectations have been governed by the doctrine of the separate spheres.
This ideology holds that women are virtuous, nurturing, and frail and therefore unable to contend with the demands of politics and commerce. Men, in contrast, are aggressive, competitive, and strong and, thus, better suited for public life.
Even as these beliefs were challenged throughout the twentieth century, the inequities between men and women persisted. Sociologists identify male privilege as being both embedded in the structure of complex organizations and reproduced in social relations. Sociologists note that male privilege also is reproduced through interactions in these structures.
For example, secretaries, paralegals, and nurse assistants tend to the schedules and well-being of their male bosses. In school, teacher interactions with students often reinforce gender stereotypes about the fields in which boys and girls excel by giving boys more attention than girls in science and math classes and by differently praising their work commending boys for content while commending girls for being neat.
Race and ethnicity, like gender, are social concepts. While race and ethnicity have different sociological meanings, they are often used interchangeably. Race and ethnic categories are given meaning through the social relations and within the historical context in which they are embedded.
While much of the early research on race and ethnicity tried to justify the subordination of people of color by citing biological and cultural differences, sociologists argue that white privilege, like male privilege, is embedded in institutional structures and interactions.
Scholars specifically examine how institutional racism, or the system of beliefs and behavior by which a racial or ethnic group is defined and oppressed, affects the opportunities and realities of people of color.
For example, many scholars have shown that the lack of access to decent jobs, adequate housing, high-quality education, and adequate health care in the USA has resulted in higher rates of poverty among African Americans. Sexuality too is rooted in privilege. Sociologists have followed two different analytical threads in the study of sexuality.
Some scholars linked research on race, ethnicity, gender, class, and sexuality together. For example, beliefs about African American sexuality are important to maintaining institutional racism. The second analytical thread conceptualizes sexuality as a system of oppression comparable to race, class, and gender.
These sociologists argue that heterosexism, or the institutionalized structures and beliefs that define heterosexual behavior as normative, privileges heterosexuality and subordinates alternative definitions of sexuality and sexual expression.
Thus, like gender and race, sexuality is a historically rooted social concept that privileges one set of social relations between the sexes. In sum, beliefs about gender, race, and sexuality are embedded in social, cultural, and legal institutions and affect the realities and opportunities of dominant and subdominant members of these groups.
Those in the dominant group male, white, and heterosexual are privileged and reap the benefits from their membership, while those in the subdominant group female, non-white, and homosexual, bisexual, or transsexual are disadvantaged and are intentionally and unintentionally discriminated against.
Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. Unwin Hyman, Boston, MA. A Weapon of Sexism. Chardon Press, Berkeley, CA. This example Essay on Privilege is published for educational and informational purposes only.
If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services.Bennett, Jacob, "White Privilege: A History of the Concept." Thesis, Georgia State University, created in contemporary American society.
The argument of the thesis will be that before and cept of white privilege has shifted in American society, and if either forum, popular or academ-. Pay particular attention to the work of W. J. Wilson or similar contributions to urban sociology.
The following essay will examine various analyses on the concept of underclass, particularly in relation to American society. The Influence of Jacques Derrida’s Deconstruction on Contemporary Sociology Sociology: Privilege.
To arrive at the edge of the world's knowledge, seek out the most complex and sophisticated minds, put them in a room together, and have them ask each other the questions they are asking themselves.
It is difficult to say how near or far society is from gender equality due to the vast disputes as to the state of male privilege that exists today. Cite This Essay To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below.
The notion of otherness is used by sociologists to highlight how social identities are contested. We also use this concept to break down the ideologies and resources . Diversity and Society and Diversity in the Meda - Diversity and Society and Diversity in the Meda The media is an integral part of modern day society, our lives can be shaped by it, and our views can be a product of the media's influence.